Friction at the surface, mountains, buildings, etc. can slow the wind down and alter its direction. … A big low-pressure center over the mid-western U.S. and a big area of high-pressure along the West Coast, for instance, could result in strong winds in-between, over the Rockies.
Why do wind speeds slow down over land?
Why do wind speeds slow down over land? [Rougher land surfaces provide friction, slowing winds down. Also, the heat of evaporated water condensing into clouds is cut off over land.]
Do mountains slow down wind?
Mountains may also restrict or slow down air flow. This restriction may also result in lifting air to high altitudes and creating clouds prior to the air reaching the slopes of the mountain.
Are winds stronger on mountains?
Ridge lines of mountains get even more wind, he said, with Mount Washington in New Hampshire holding the record for directly measured surface wind speeds, at 231 miles per hour. But such extremes are mostly found in the higher mountains, around 6,000 feet and above, closer to the jet stream.
Is there a lot of wind in the ocean?
The ocean heats up much slower and becomes relatively cooler than the beach making it a high pressure zone. The air moves from the water to the land each morning forming a sea breeze. These pressure zones might equal out later in the day and the winds may diminish. … A sea breeze blows from the ocean towards the beach.
Is wind stronger over water?
Wind: The wind tends to be stronger along the shore and over the open water. This is because there is less friction to slow the movement of air. There are no trees and buildings to slow the wind. Be prepared for the potential of windy weather when going out on and near the water especially if the weather is chilly.
What two things determine the wind speed around a mountain?
The speed of the wind is determined by the pressure gradient. The winds are strongest in regions where the isobars are close together. Surface friction plays an important role in the speed and direction of surface winds.
Why are Santa Ana winds warm?
Santa Ana winds typically feel warm (or even hot) because as the cool desert air moves down the side of the mountain, it is compressed, which causes the temperature of the air to rise.