Mountains aren’t just a sight to behold—they cover 22 percent of the planet’s land surface and provide habitat for plants, animals and about 1 billion human beings. The vital landforms also supply critical resources such as fresh water, food and even renewable energy.
What are the importances of mountains?
The Importance of Mountains
Mountain areas cover 26.5% of the world’s total continental land surface. Of the world’s 237 countries, 197 include mountains. Mountains are particularly important for their biodiversity, water, clean air, research, cultural diversity, leisure, landscape and spiritual values.
Why are mountains important in geography?
Mountains often serve as geographic features that define natural borders of countries. Their height can influence weather patterns, stalling storms that roll off the oceans and squeezing water from the clouds.
Why are mountains important short answer?
Mountains are a storehouse of water. Water from the mountains is also used for irrigation and generation of hydro-electricity. … Mountains have a rich variety of flora and fauna. Several sports like paragliding, hang gliding, river rafting and skiing are popular in the mountains.
How do mountains impact humans?
Mountain environments cover some 27% of the world’s land surface, and directly support the 22% of the world’s people who live within mountain regions. … Mountains provide for the freshwater needs of more than half of humanity, and are, in effect, the water towers of the world.
What resources do mountains provide?
More than 3 billion people rely on mountains to provide fresh water to drink, grow food, generate hydropower, and sustain industries.
How is life in the mountains?
Living in the mountains can be hard. At higher altitudes, air is thinner, which means it has less oxygen, and that makes breathing harder. … Despite these challenges, people around the world have worked and lived in mountainous areas for centuries. Often, they make their living farming, fishing, or herding.