One of the typical life zones on mountains is the montane forest: at moderate elevations, the rainfall and temperate climate encourages dense forests to grow. … Therefore, montane forests often contain trees with twisted trunks. This phenomenon is observed due to the increase in the wind strength with the elevation.
Why are forest found mostly in mountainous areas?
Altitude and aspect are key determinants of species and stand structure composition in mountain forests, as well as of tree growth and form. Forest growth is usually slower in mountains than in lowlands because of the harsher climatic conditions, shorter growing seasons and shallower soils.
Why are trees important in mountainous areas?
Forests play crucial roles in the sustainable development of mountain regions, which are home to about one tenth of the global population. Mountain forests help to capture and store essential atmospheric moisture, to regulate river flow, and to reduce erosion and sedimentation downstream.
Why do the mountain forests have various types of trees?
They grow beyond an altitude of 500 meters. That location means mountain forests consist of trees that aren’t found in lower-lying areas. The trees have adapted to the cool climate, heavy downpours and intense sunshine. In low-lying areas, they’re squeezed out by different tree species.
What is the difference between mountain and forest?
is that forest is a dense collection of trees covering a relatively large area larger than woods while mountain is a large mass of earth and rock, rising above the common level of the earth or adjacent land, usually given by geographers as above 1000 feet in height (or 3048 metres), though such masses may still be …
What is the other name for mountain forest?
Forests directly below the alpine tree line are high-elevation or Montane forests.
What are the four uses of mountain forest?
Mountain forests are important in watershed management and risk mitigation, as well as biodiversity and food security. They significantly contribute to air quality. They provide fuelwood and timber for local, as well as non-local users. In many mountain areas, forests are an integral part of complex land-use systems.
What plants and animals live on mountains?
- Giant Panda.
- Snow Leopard.
- Mountain Gorilla.
- Monarch Butterfly.
- Amur Leopard.
- Brown Bear.
- Tree Kangaroo.
- Giant Panda.
How much oxygen is produced when trees are cut?
Cutting down of trees not only decreases the amount of O2 but also increases the amount of CO2 liberated. Usually during the photosynthesis plants uses carbon dioxide and moisture from the atmosphere and liberates oxygen.
How does the forest benefit the natural environment?
Forests cover about a third of the earth’s land area and are essential to the health of our environment. … Forests are home to about 80 percent of remaining terrestrial biodiversity. Forests also regulate water cycles, maintain soil quality, and reduce the risks of natural disasters such as floods.
What plants are found in mountain forests?
A ground cover of grasses, rare in pristine montane evergreen forest, is common, as is a cover of bracken fern (Pteridium aquilinum). The communities of Fagaceae and Lauraceae give way at about 2000 m elevation to a mixed hardwood-conifer forest populated almost entirely by evergreen tree species.