What type of farming is most common in mountainous areas?

From a global perspective, mountain farming is family farming. Mountain areas, with their dispersed patches of useable land at different altitudes with different climates and with their often highly fragmented landscapes and narrow limits for mechanization, are most efficiently and effectively managed by family farms.

What method of farming is used in mountainous areas?

Graduated terrace steps are commonly used to farm on hilly or mountainous terrain. Terraced fields decrease both erosion and surface runoff, and may be used to support growing crops that require irrigation, such as rice.

What type of farming mountains are there?

There are four major production systems in mountain agriculture: (1) pastoral livestock production system; (2) agro-pastoral production system; (3) rain-fed agricultural production system, including fruit trees; (4) irrigated agriculture production systems.

Graduated terrace steps are commonly used to farm on hilly or mountainous terrain. Terraced fields decrease both erosion and surface runoff, and may be used to support growing crops that require irrigation, such as rice.

What is mountain farming?

Mountain farming is largely family farming. … Cultivating mountain areas, with their patches of useable land dispersed at different altitudes, with many different climates and limited use for mechanization, is most effectively carried out by family farms.

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Why are mountainous areas difficult to farm?

The first is the weather and soil conditions that shorten growing seasons. The second is the labour cost, which is higher than in other zones. Third, the gradient and the undulations in the terrain make it difficult to use conventional agricultural machinery.

What is types of farming?

Types of farming in India: i) Subsistence farming. ii) Commercial farming. iii) Shifting agriculture. iv) Intensive farming.

How is farming done in hills and mountains?

People living in these sloppy mountains convert this complex land to agricultural land by cutting terraces or steps in the slopes of the hilly areas. This makes it suitable for carrying out agricultural practices. Terrace farming or step farming is commonly done on the slopes of the hills.

What is the major occupation of mountains?

What is the major occupation of mountain region? The main occupation of this region is animal husbandry. They rear sheep, goats and yaks.

What crops are grown in terrace farming?

Paddy, cereals, berries, vegetables, flowers, medicinal plants, aromatic plants, colouring plants, wheat, maize, rice, pulses, oilseeds, millets, buckwheat, saffron, black cumin, grain amaranth, spices, etc. are some crops grown using terrace farming.

Why is terrace farming done in hilly regions?

Step farming or terrace farming is common in hills to check soil erosion through water current on the slopes. It provides a physical barrier to soil erosion by water. The mountain is made into steps that slows down the speed of rainwater preventing damage to crops.

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