Mountains aren’t just a sight to behold—they cover 22 percent of the planet’s land surface and provide habitat for plants, animals and about 1 billion human beings. The vital landforms also supply critical resources such as fresh water, food and even renewable energy.
Why are mountains important to us?
Mountains play a significant role in providing water and food supply to the millions of people in the world. Mountains cover around 22 percent of the surface of the earth and 13 percent of the world’s population live in the mountains. Mountains offer 60-80 percent of the world’s freshwater. …
Why do mountains matter?
Mountains are the world’s “water towers,” providing 60-80% of all freshwater resources for our planet. At least half of the world’s population depends on mountain ecosystem services to survive – not only water, but also food and clean energy.
How do mountains affect humans?
Water for People
Mountains capture water from the atmosphere and store it as snow and ice that supplies streams and rivers throughout the year. Half the world’s population depends on mountains for their drinking water or hydroelectric power.
What would happen if there were no mountains?
Too much CO2 contributes to global warming, but too little would have made the earth a much colder place, preventing life from developing. … “If it weren’t for feedback mechanisms, it would only take 5-10 million years to screw things up,” Derry says.
What are the impacts of mountains?
About 40% of the world population depends indirectly on mountain resources for water supply, agriculture, hydroelectricity and biodiversity. Mountains are among the most sensitive ecosystems to climate change and are being affected at a faster rate than other terrestrial habitats.