In general, it takes hundreds of millions of years for mountain belts to form, stabilize, and erode to become part of a stable craton. This evolution is marked by three stages: accumulation, orogeny, and uplift/block‐faulting.
What qualifies as a mountain?
They usually have steep, sloping sides and sharp or rounded ridges, and a high point, called a peak or summit. Most geologists classify a mountain as a landform that rises at least 1,000 feet (300 meters) or more above its surrounding area.